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Nevada State Guide

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Nevada is nicknamed as the Silver State; Battle Born State; Sagebrush State and is located in the Western, Southwestern and Mountain West regions of the United States. Nevada became the 36th state of the United States on 1864 [1]. Carson City is the capital city and Las Vegas is the largest city of the state.

Nevada Fast Facts:
  • Capital city: Carson City
  • Largest city: Las Vegas
  • State Animal: Desert bighorn sheep
  • State Bird: Mountain bluebird
  • State Tree: Single-leaf pinon
  • State Flower: Sagebrush
  • State Gem: Virgin Valley black fire opal


History of Nevada

Prior to European exploration, many indigenous people settled in Nevada. Native Americans such as that of Shoshone, the Paiute and Washoe tribes were settled in the current Nevada.The first European to arrive in the state was Francisco Garces.Before it was a part of Spanish Empire. In 1861, the Nevada Territory was detached from the Utah Territory. Additionally, it adopted its current name which is a taken from Sierra Nevada.

Nevada joined the Union as the 36th state in 1864. In 1867, it attained its current southern boundaries. In early Nevada mining town, unregulated gambling was quite common. In 1909, gambling was outlawed and it was by far the least populated state.


Nevada History Timeline

  • 1609 - Established town of Santa Fe as Spanish-Indian trade center.
  • 1776 - Father Garces crossed Colorado River.
  • 1850 - United States Congress formed the Utah Territory.
  • 1864 - Nevada attained statehood and became the 36th state.
  • 1866 -  Adopted official Nevada State Seal.
  • 1874 - Opened University of Nevada at Elko.
  • 1902 - Goldfield discovered
  • 1910 - Abolished gambling in Nevada
  • 1914 - State election granted Nevada women voting right

Geography of Nevada

Total Area: 77,354 sq mi
Longitude: 95o 19' W to 104o 03' W
Latitude: 40o N to 43o N
Highest point: Panorama Point - 5,424 ft (1654 m)
Mean point: 2,600 ft (790 m)
Lowest point: Missouri River at Kansas border - 840 ft (256 m)
Time Zone Mountain:
- most of state - Central: UTC −6/−5
- panhandle Mountain: UTC −7/−6
Nevada is the 7th most extensive state, covering a total land area of 110,622 square miles [2]. It is bordered on the north by Oregon and Idaho and on the south by California. Utah and Arizona lie on the east. On the west, it is bound by California. Nevada lies within the Basin and Range Province, and it is segregated by various north-south mountain ranges. The ranges consist of endorheic valleys between them. The state is divided into 2 time zones, namely the Pacific Time zone in most part of the state and the Mountain Time in the state's West Wendover. Nevada’s geographic center is located in Lander County. The highest point in Nevada is Boundary Peak at 13,140 feet.

Topography of Nevada

The Nevada landscape consists of sandy deserts, snow covered mountains, rugged, forested mountain slopes, and grassy valleys. The state is nestled within the Great Basin  and is sectioned into 3 main land regions - the Sierra Nevada, the Columbia Plateau and the Basin and Range Region.

Lava bedrock make up the northeastern corner of Nevada. Many rivers and streams interrupt the bedrock, forming deep canyons with high ridges. Open prairie make up the Idaho border, which is a part of the Columbia Plateau.

The Sierra Nevada consists of rugged mountain range. The ranges cut across a a region of the state. The rest of Nevada is made up of large parts of Basin and Range Region, which is segregated by over 150 mountain ranges that run from north to south. Some of the major rivers in Nevada are Colorado River, Humboldt River, Columbia River, Truckee RiverForests

Contact Nevada Division of Forestry
2478 Fairview Drive (map)
Carson City, Nevada 89701
(775) 684-2500
Website: http://forestry.nv.gov/

Climate of Nevada

Nevada has the driest climate in the nation, predominantly consisting of desert and semiarid climate regions. Long and freezing winters dominate the northern Nevada region while the state's southern region has milder and shorter winter season. The whole state of Nevada receive scarce precipitation, with most precipitation on the lee side of the Sierra Nevada. The highest recorded temperature in Nevada is 125 oF at Laughlin  and the lowest recorded temperature at San Jacinto is −50oF.

Demographics of Nevada

Nevada had an estimated population of  2,890,845 as of 2015 estimation by the U.S census bureau, which reflected an increase of 7% since the year 2010. The population density of the state is 24.6 persons per square mile [2]. There are many ancestry groups in Nevada. The five largest groups among them include German, English, Mexican, Italian, American and Scandinavian.

Nevada Population Quick Facts:
  • Population, 2015 - 2,890,845
  • Population, 2014 - 2,839,099
  • Population, percent change, April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 7%
  • Persons under 5 years, percent, 2014 - 6.2%
  • Persons under 18 years, percent, 2014 - 23.4%
  • Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2014 -14.2%
  • Female persons, percent, 2014 - 49.7%

Nevada Racial Groups are-

  • White alone: 76.2%
  • Black or African American alone: 9.1%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone: 1.6%
  • Asian alone: 8.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone: 0.7%
  • Two or More Races: 4%
  • Hispanic or Latino: 27.8%
  • White alone, not Hispanic or Latino: 51.5%

The major religious groups in Nevada are –
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant
  • Jewish
  • Latter-day Saint
  • Hindu
  • Buddhist
  • Islam

Economy of Nevada

The important economic sectors of Nevada include tourism, mining, and cattle ranching. The state's economy is mainly associated with the tourism sector and major revenue is generated from agriculture and its products. Nevada’s per capita income in millions of current dollars of all industry totals in 2014 was $26515. Nevada's unemployment rate, 2014 is 2.8% [3].


Agriculture in Nevada

  • The top 5 agricultural products based on revenue generated include cattle and calves, dairy products, hay, onions, and potatoes.

  • Nevadaa's most important crop is hay.

  • The other major crops of the state are alfalfa seed, garlic, barley, mint, potatoes, onions and wheat.

  • The state's major livestock products are sheep, lambs and hogs.

  • Sheep and cattle ranching is the state's primary agricultural activity.

Industry in Nevada

  • Leading service industries in Nevada include tourism, business and personal service sectors. Other important sectors include gambling, recreation and amusement services.

  • In manufacturing sector, the state's top manufacturing products include printed products, concrete and machinery and food products.

  • Chemicals, construction equipment and plastics are also other important manufacturing products.

  • The production of chemicals ranked 2nd and production of machinery ranked 3rd in the state's manufacturing sector.

  • Gold is the Nevada's most important mined product. It also leads in silver production too.

  • Finance, insurance and real estate are the second ranking service industry.

Tourism in Nevada

Tourism is also a principal part of Nevada’s economy and is one of the largest employers of the state. Many plans and programs are implemented to improve the transportation network in the state and accordingly enhance the tourism sector.

Some of the major tourist attractions of the state are-

Health Care in Nevada

 The Nevada Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) promotes the health and well-being of its residents through the delivery or facilitation of a multitude of essential services to ensure families are strengthened, public health is protected, and individuals achieve their highest level of self-sufficiency. The Department is the largest in state government comprised of five Divisions along with additional programs and offices overseen by the DHHS’s Director’s Office. The Nevada Department of Health is the main organization working towards promoting health, preventing disease and well-being. The department’s mission is to protect the lives of all citizens.

Nevada's Medicaid works effectively for low-income families by giving them access to best medical facilities by paying their medical expenses including foster and adoptive children, pregnant women and women having breast or cervical cancer and for those people whose income is not enough to meet the cost of required medical services.

Learn more: Health Care in Nevada

Government of Nevada

The Constitution of the State of Nevada was created on July 4,1864. The Government of Nevada has three branches of government: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. The legislative branch is personified in the bicameral General Assembly. The Governor is the head of the executive branch. The Judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court.

The Nevada Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Nevada. The Legislature is a bicameral body, consisting of the lower house Nevada Assembly, with 42 members, and the upper house Nevada Senate, with 21 members. All 63 members of the Legislature are elected from an equal amount of constituent districts across the state.

The Judicial Branch of Nevada consists of Supreme Court, District Courts, Justice Courts and Municipal Courts. The court is responsible to make effective rules and policies for the appropriate working of the entire court system. The court system of Nevada is efficiently managed by the Nevada Supreme Court. The court is responsible to make effective rules and policies for the appropriate working of the entire court system. The Chief Justice and four Associate Justices makes the final decisions in the matter of the District Court.

Learn more: Government of Nevada

Education in Nevada

The Nevada Department of Education operates to improve the public education system and also to enhance student academic achievements and outputs. The department’s mission is to provide world class education and best values to the students to ensure success in education, workplace and in every spheres of life. Education in Nevada is an accumulative sectors of public and private schools (elementary, middle, and high), as well as colleges and universities.

Colleges and Universities of Nevadaeducation
  • Nevada System of Higher Education
  • University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)
  • University of Nevada, Reno (Nevada)
  • Nevada State College
  • Truckee Meadows Community College (TMCC)
  • Great Basin College
  • College of Southern Nevada (CSN)
  • Western Nevada College (WNC)
  • Sierra Nevada College
  • Touro University Nevada
  • Roseman University of Health Sciences

Sports in Nevada

Nevada does not have many professional sports team but the state takes pride of its college sports. College teams include-
  • the Nevada Wolf Pack
  • the Mountain West Conference
  • the UNLV Rebels

Interesting Facts about Nevada:

  • Nevada state motto is "All for our country."

  • Silver and blue are Nevada's state color.

  • Nevada state fossil is Ichthyosaur.

  • Nevada state soil is Orovada series.

  • "Home Means Nevada," is the state song.

  • The origin of Navada's name is Spanish that means "snow-capped."

  • Nevada is the 7th largest US state in land area.


  1. Nevada Statehood
  2. Demographics and Total Land Area
  3. Economy Facts
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